Hymenocardia acida var. acida. Photo: Bart Wursten Cheringoma Escarpment, Sofala, Mozambique. Hymenocardia acida var. acida. In East Africa Hymenocardia acida is planted for erosion control; it is also a good shade tree in plantations, casting moderately light shade. Young leafy shoots of. BOTANIC DESCRIPTION. Hymenocardia acida is a small savannah tree or shrub about 9 m high. Branchlets become rusty brown as the bark peels. The bole is.

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The stem bark and roots of Hymenocardia acida can be axida whenever the need arises. A crude root extract showed significant anthelminthic activity against the intestinal parasite Haemonchus contortus. A decoction of the leafy twigs is used for bathing to treat tetanus, convulsions and exhaustion.

In an in-vitro test of plants from DR Congo, water extracts, and to a lesser hymenofardia ethanol extracts, of the leaves showed significant effect against sickle cell formation. Leaf powder is taken as snuff to treat headache; the vapour of the boiling leaves is inhaled to treat headache.

Leaf powder is topically applied in friction to treat rheumatic pains, toothache and fever; it is also sprinkled on sores after washing. Fruit flattened, with 2 wings, forming a distinct V-shape, red when ripe, hairless. However, not much is known about the active compounds, and therefore more research is warranted. Free radical scavenging activity of some Nigerian medicinal plant extracts. Red data list status: Leaf sap is also used as ear drops to treat otitis. Though many of these journals and publications are open access online, there is the need to bring into focus and shape the thinking and research opportunities of those scientists engaged in the field of natural products by bringing together in form of a review, the publications that are available on a given natural product.


Trees of southern Africa. In East Africa Hymenocardia acida is planted for erosion control; qcida is also a good shade tree in plantations, casting moderately light shade. Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images 7. An aqueous stem bark extract showed hhymenocardia anti-ulcer activity against induced gastric lesions in rats.

In West Africa it is chewed together with kola Cola spp. The fruits are dewinged and soaked in cold water for 48 hours before sowing. There are 1 Wikipedia citations related to Hymenocardia acida Tul. Phylogenetic relationships of Didymocistus and Hymenocardia Euphorbiaceae. Antibacterial and antifungal activities of nine medicinal plants from Zaire.

Hymenocardia acida is propagated by seed and by hymejocardia. Seeds compressed circular, c. The review covers phytochemical constituents, ethnomedicinal and pharmacological activities of this plant. Display spot characters for this species. Hymenocardia acida 1, flowering branch; 2, female flower; 3, infructescence. An ethanolic root extract showed marked antibacterial activity against Klebsiella pneumoniaeStaphylococcus aureusStreptococcus mutans and Salmonella enterica in vitro, as well as spasmolytic and aciea activities in vivo in mice and rats.

A leaf decoction or leaf sap is used as eye drops to treat eye infections; together with honey they are taken to treat gall bladder problems and fever, and also as a bath to treat fever and haemorrhoids.

They have been the most productive hymsnocardia of leads for the development of many effective drugs now available in orthodox medicine. There are citation in scholarly articles related to Hymenocardia acida Tul.

Hymenocardia acida — Wikipédia

Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page The areas requiring further research on this plant becomes easily identifiable, thus avoiding duplication, wastage of man hour and resources. Natural products have been used in folklore for the treatment of many illnesses and diseases.


The bark contains amphiphile lupane-type triterpenoids, which are associated with its antimalarial and anti-inflammatory activities. Hymenocardia acida occurs hymenocadia tropical Africa, from Senegal east to Ethiopia and south to South Africa. International Journal of Pharmacognosy Volume 2, Families E—I. Leaves alternate, elliptic-ovate or elliptic-lanceolate, broadly rounded or notched at the apex, dark green above, brown hairy only when young, paler below, densely covered with golden gland dots and minute domatia in the axils of the veins; margins entire somewhat rolled under.

Hymenocardia acida

A bark decoction is widely taken to treat pulmonary affections, including tuberculosis; it is also used as a steam bath, alone or with the fruits, to treat breathing difficulties and colds. Leaves alternate, simple hymehocardia entire; stipules 1—3 mm long, linear, soon acidz petiole 0. Email this to a friend Print Share on facebook Tweet this. Hymenocardia acida young tree habit. This development has led to increased research and an upsurge of published works in journals related to natural products.

West African Plants

A leaf macerate or leaf decoction is taken to treat stomach-ache, trypanosomiasis and coughs. Root sap and fruit juice are used as ear drops to treat earache and also to treat toothache.

Click on “show more” to view them. Screening for antitumor anti-HIV activities of nine medicinal plants from Zaire. The twigs are used as toothbrush. Volume 9, part 4. Methanol extracts from the root bark exhibited moderate cytotoxic activity against 60 human cell lines of the National Cancer Institute of the Hymenocardua States.