Gprof is a performance analysis tool for Unix applications. It used a hybrid of instrumentation Another implementation was written as part of the GNU project for GNU GPROF output consists of two parts: the flat profile and the call graph. Gprof is a profiling program which collects and arranges statistics on your lly, it looks Write hate-mail to gnu (but don’t tell them I told you to). If you are a programmer, who writes code in C, Pascal, or Fortran77 programming language and uses Linux as the development platform, youll be glad to.

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A Selection, Kathryn S. So, the command becomes:. Mutual recursion and non-trivial cycles are not resolvable by the gprof approach context-insensitive call graphbecause it only records arc traversal, not full call chains. Armed with this information, now you’ll be in a better position to understand the data present gpfof your profiling output file profile-data.

GNU gprof – Table of Contents

Cycles are discovered, and calls into a cycle are made to share the time of the cycle. Forgetting to link with the option -pg is a common error, which prevents profiling from recording any useful information. If broken down to the last bit, performance testing effectively tests how much time a particular piece of code – say a function – gnh consuming. Gough, foreword by Richard M. No, create an account now.

There’s no doubt that testing is an integral and one of the most important aspects of the software development process. The flat profile gives the total execution time spent in pdofiler function and its percentage of the total running time. If all this sounds a bit confusing at this point especially the part in quotesdon’t worry, as we’ll make things clear through an example.


Gprof is a performance analysis tool for Unix applications.

The other columns in the output provide information on the total number of function calls made, and the time spent in each function. If a value is n times the sampling period, the expected error in the value is profi,er square root of n sampling periods. We will use gprof to examine the performance of a small numerical program which computes the lengths of sequences occurring in the unsolved Collatz conjecture in mathematics.

The resulting data is not exact, rather a statistical approximation. Else you can install it using the following command:.

How to install and use profiling tool Gprof on Linux

Yes, my password is: In this tutorial, we’ll be discussing the details of how you can download, install, and use this tool. GPROF output consists of two parts: It can be analyzed with gprof by giving the name of the executable as an argument:.

Once the command is executed, you’ll see that a file named gmon. And by testing, we don’t tprof just testing the code for bugs – of course, bug detection is important as nobody would want their software to be buggy – performance of the code also equally matters these days.


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First check whether or not the tool is already installed on your system. This creates an instrumented executable which contains additional instructions that record the time spent in each function. As is usually the case, a function or a group of functions may correspond to one of the many features of a software.

Here’s how I launched the binary in my case: There is an external tool called gprof2dot capable of converting the call graph from gprof into graphical form. According to the tool’s official proffiler, it gives pgofiler an execution profile of their C, Pascal, or Fortran77 programs. The GNU profiler gprof is a useful tool for measuring the performance of a program–it records the number of calls to each function and profilerr amount of time spent there, on a per-function basis.

However, whatever we’ve covered here should be enough to get you started. The next step is to launch that executable.

Retrieved from ” https: Function call counts are also reported. Now, moving on, the next step is to compile this code using gcc. While running the instrumented executable, profiling data is silently written to a file ‘gmon. Kessler, and Marshall K. Here’s what the man page of Gprof says about information under these two sections:.

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