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ABU RAIHAN AL-BIRUNI. ( A.D.). Abu Raihan Mohammad Ibn Ahmad al-Biruni was one of the well-known figures associated with the court of King. celebrating the anniversary of Abu Raihan Al-Biruni, a Muslim scholar often regarded as one of the greatest scientists of the medieval Islamic. Abu Raihan al-Biruni () was an Iranian scholar and polymath from Khwarezm — a region which encompasses modern-day western.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Moreover, Hindus in 11th century India had suffered waves of destructive attacks on many of its cities, and Islamic armies had taken numerous Hindu slaves to Persia, which—claimed Al-Biruni—contributed to Hindus becoming suspicious of all foreigners, not just Muslims.

He treated religions objectively, striving to understand them on their own terms rather than trying to prove them wrong.

Astronomy in the medieval Islamic world. He carried on a lengthy correspondence and sometimes heated debate with Ibn Sinain which Biruni repeatedly attacks Aristotle’s celestial physics: He was from Khwarazm — a region which encompasses modern-day western Uzbekistanand northern Turkmenistan.

In this book, he has discussed the rotation of the earth and has given correct values of latitudes and longitudes al-birumi various places.

This question is most difficult to solve. Continue Cancel Send email OK. In our time the word is pronounced Biruni or Beeroonie.

The book discusses several theorems of astronomy, trigonometry, solar, lunar, and planetary motions and relative topics. Different forts and landmarks were able to be located, legitimizing Al-Biruni’s contributions with their usefulness to even modern history and archeology. Its known that huge cedar trees… Instead, he decided to document the more civilian and scholarly areas of Hindu life such as al-bbiruni, science, and religion.


The stones adorning the hilt and scabbard of the sword have talismanic significance. Comments 25 Jul Al-Biruni was born in a time of major political strife, several civil wars and ever changing princes ruling the land.


In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikiquote Wikisource. Journal for the History of Astronomy. Architecture in Iran mathematics In mathematics: For the university, see Al-Beroni University. The book does not limit itself to tedious records of battle because Al-Biruni found the social culture to be more important. Additionally, he chronicled stories of Indian rulers and told of how they ruled over their people with their beneficial actions and acted in the interests of the nation.

He wrote a number of books and treatises. Accepting the definite demise of the Afrighids at the hands of the Ma’munids, he made peace with the latter who then ruled Khwarezm. Science in the Middle Ages. He lived during the Islamic Golden Agein which scholarly thought went hand in hand with the thinking and methodology of the Islamic religion.

Alchemy and chemistry in medieval Islam. We know that the Persian era in the valley of the Nile flourished in B. His relatively minor works are only minor in size, for they are at least as sophisticated as his major works.

In discussing speculation by other Muslim writers on the possible motion of the Earth, Biruni acknowledged that he could neither prove nor disprove it, but commented favourably on the idea that the Earth rotates. The blog is designed to be a place for the science community from the Middle East, or those interested in the region, to meet, discuss and learn. Al-Biruni discussed, centuries before the rest of the world, the question whether the earth rotates around its axis or not. Sell images Our Blog.

This article is about the medieval Muslim scientist and scholar. Discover some of the most interesting and trending topics of He documented different bodies of water and other natural phenomena.



We will scour and bring you the most interesting science news from across the Arab world and also discuss the various problems of the region and how science can help solve them. He also theorized that the landmass must be inhabited by human beings, which he deduced from his knowledge of humans inhabiting the broad north-south band stretching from Russia to South India and Sub-Saharan Africatheorizing that the landmass would most likely lie along the same band.

We, too, have composed a book on the subject called Miftah-ilm-alhai’a Key to Astronomyin which we think we have surpassed our predecessors, if not in the words, at all events in the matter. The contribution of Iranians to Islamic mathematics is overwhelming. Frederick 12 December Contact our editors with your feedback.

InMahmud of Ghazni took Rey. We’ve sent an email to Please follow the instructions to reset your password. Ahmed concluded that Al-Biruni can be considered as the first Anthropologist, [46] however, others argue that he hardly can be considered an anthropologist in the conventional sense.

Al-Biruni – Wikipedia

He also wrote the Kitab-al-Saidanawhich is an extensive materia medica that combines the then existing Arabic knowledge on the subject with the Indian medicine. In his Codex MasudicusAl-Biruni theorized the existence of a landmass along the vast ocean between Asia and Europeor what is today known as the Americas. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles.

He explained the working of natural springs and artesian wells by the hydrostatic principle of communicating vessels.